As a result of English education in the nineteenth century, Bengalis became acquainted with European civilization and culture. As a result, a great excitement suddenly arose in the life of the Bengalis and its effect was far-reaching. This feeling is known as Renaissance.

Michael Madhusudan Dutt is a 19th century manasputra. As a result of the renaissance, his heart rejoiced, and the people of Manas became amazed at the wonder of creation. He felt immense joy, an absolute peace within himself. Human life appears to him to be infinitely mysterious. The universe is present in its consciousness with all its beauty and sweetness.

This beauty and sweetness drives him to the pursuit of new creation. From his personal life to his literary life, his efforts to bring innovation can be noticed.

Madhusudan has to be named for the creation of new ideas and new forms in Bengali literature. Every one of his literary works is proud of this novelty. Birangana Kavya is no exception. He composed wonderfully beautiful poems that strengthened him in the sense of the East by carrying hints of form and feeling from the West.

Madhusudan was born a rebel born warrior. ‘Birangana’ and the crop of new feelings in her rebellious heart. The European individualism was then relentlessly trying to make its way into Indian society and literature along the path of humanity. The social reformers of that era came forward in their efforts for the emancipation of women in Bengal, bearing in mind the liberal ideology of this sense of humanity and the intense feeling of individuality. The practice of satidah was abolished, the widow marriage law was passed in the Hindu society, there was no end to the fatigue of Ishwar Chandra and Suhrid class for the prohibition of polygamy and nobility. Because the condition of women in the social life of Bangladesh throughout the Middle Ages cannot be mentioned as humane. Nineteenth-century thinkers realized that when a woman is placed in the seat of a goddess, she is not actually honored but disrespected. So that day he was trying to become a human being without leaving women alone. Nineteenth-century Najajagrati tried to liberate women from the shackles of religion and ethics and the shackles of law. These planned changes in society affected Madhusudan. She understood that self-consciousness and ego-consciousness must be awakened in the minds of Bengali women - otherwise the progress of the country is not possible. That is why she holds the pen firmly, she is assisted by the western poet on the one hand and the masculine female character in the ancient Indian heroic semen on the other.

Madhusudan is indebted to Western poets for the form and nomenclature of Birangana poetry. Birangana is based on the Italian poet Ovid's Herodos. The grief of the abandoned woman for various reasons has been expressed through letters. The heroines of Madhusudan did not get the title of Birangana for their physical heroism and verbal arrogance, their heroism reveals the truth of the heart by twisting the chains and inertia of the traditional social customs. It is against the traditional Indian policy for a forest dweller Shakuntala to openly express his feelings to the enemy or to bring charges against him. They think it is a sin to hear criticism of the husband's work. At that time in the social system of Bengal, the condition of girls was such that they would stay away from slandering their husbands. If anyone slandered their husbands, they would leave the place. Their ideal was Sati, who, after hearing her husband's condemnation, gave herself up in the burning yajnaku. Madhusudan's heroine not only deviated from the norms of the time but also criticized her husband's faults, accusing him of abusing her. In his poems, Madhusudan depicts the image of a woman who believes in strong egoism and is determined to protect her individuality.

Different types of letters have been inserted in Birangana Kavya. Among these are love letters, love rejection letters, and letters of resentment from the heart of a woman who is unhappy with her husband's oppression or abuse.

It was customary for Indian women to be sold to their husbands. The woman is devoted to her husband in her body and mind. It has no features of its own. He is tied to the rules and regulations of the world. But since Madhusudan's poetry was written after the Renaissance, it has cast a shadow over the European mind.

For example, in the letter ‘Kekayi to Dasaratha’, Kekayi, the wife of Dasaratha, is insulting the king in various language and in various sarcastic sentences. She is also saying that she will leave this Puri and will go around the country saying ‘Absolutely ungodly Raghukul Pati!’ She did not tolerate her husband's injustice to ascend the throne of her son Ñ because Dasaratha has promised to put Kekayi's son Bharat on the throne. Why is Ram breaking his promise and putting him on the throne. To Kekayi it is a crime to break a promise. Like other letters, this letter is the best in language intensity.

Jana could not accept her husband's decision in the letter 'Jana to the blue flag'. Jana's son Prabir was holding the horse of Madha Yang. He was killed in battle with Perth. But the father made an alliance with the blue flag enemy - Jana could not bear it. This letter is an example of the contemptuous language that the husband has written to befriend his son Hanta.

In this way, the heartbeat of the wife who was angry with her husband's unjust behavior has been expressed in various letters.

Like Brajangana, Birangana is also a lyrical poem. Birangana Madhusudan's best composition in the rhythm of this rhythm in the elegance of language.

He used Amitrakshara rhyme in the poems 'Tilottama' and 'Meghnad Badh' which is fulfilled in 'Birangana'. ‘Birangana’ captivates the reader with its rhythmic ease. Everywhere a musical sound is heard and it makes the poetry absolutely delicate. Judging by the power of poetry, Meghnad Badh is excellent but Birangana is the greatest composition in terms of language elegance and rhythm. Because Meghnad kills difficult words in the sentence creates a hindrance for reading. But Birangana does not have that. The wording suggested here has occurred. Apart from that, Madhusudan has shown extraordinary artistic skill in creating tragic juice in the poem 'Birangana'. It would not be unreasonable to say that for some reason or another, Michael has glorified women and femininity in the European style in his Birangana poetry by opening the hearts of women to slander.